Digital Help
Q&A For Digital Photography

Digital Help is designed to aid you in getting the most from your digital photography, printing, scanning, and image creation. Each month, David Brooks provides solutions to problems you might encounter with matters such as color calibration and management, digital printer and scanner settings, and working with digital photographic images with many different kinds of cameras and software. All questions sent to him will be answered with the most appropriate information he can access and provide. However, not all questions and answers will appear in this department. Readers can send questions to David Brooks addressed to Shutterbug magazine, through the Shutterbug website (, directly via e-mail to: or or by US Mail to: David Brooks, PO Box 2830, Lompoc, CA 93438.
--George Schaub

Current Scanner Choice Strategy
Q. I am an amateur film photographer, and am considering the purchase of a scanner for my 35mm negatives and slides as well as my 6x6 120 transparencies and negatives. Also less important is that I use other formats such as 110 and 126.
I have several questions, but here are the main ones: If a scanner will scan a 4x5 negative, why won't it scan a 120 6x6 or, for that matter, a 126 or 110 negative? I understand that in some machines, or maybe all of them, that some of type of negative holder is used. If that is the situation, is there a private vendor who makes such after-market holders?
There are few places in the Seattle area that are known to stock more than a few models of scanners, and thus it is difficult to speak with anyone who has a concept of what they sell. I have turned to the Internet, where much of my film is purchased, and thus have found some suppliers like B&H and Adorama who stock the scanners.
One scanner that I am interested in is the Microtek 6100, as it seems to be in my price range. While I would like your opinion on the machine, what I should be looking for is more important. As a point of interest, the 6100 interests me because it does have negative holders for 120 film, but also because of the large amount of software bundled with it.
The new Microtek i900 might be the machine for me, and while the estimated cost is reasonable, it might be out of my immediate price range. There seems to be a shortage of the machines because the stores that claim to have them show out-of-stock situations, and the Microtek website does not now list the machine, nor the 6100 in their product line.
I am learning to sell some of my photography because of my semi-retired situation, and need to use my existing equipment to better control some of my production costs. Have considered digital, but for now, film is my medium of choice. There are probably many people who are approaching digital imaging this way and may find your answers beneficial. Thank you.

A. First of all, Glazer's Camera in Seattle has some good knowledgeable people covering digital. I lived in Seattle for six years and always had confidence in working with them.
I myself use two kinds of scanners for film scanning. My current choice for 35mm film is Minolta's DiMAGE Scan Elite 5400, which also would be best for even smaller format sizes. The easiest way to handle 110 or 126 with a dedicated 35mm scanner is to use either Gepe or Wess Plastic Mounts (glassless) that are 2x2 for 35mm projectors, and have a window size in the mount for 126 or 110 film frame sizes.
For larger sized film like all 120 sizes plus 4x5, the best quality at a reasonable cost in scanners currently are Epson's Perfection 4870 Photo and Pro models.
Although I am favorable to Microtek scanners generally, I have not tested and cannot recommend the 6100. As for the ScanMaker i900, please see my review in the December 2004 issue.

The Same Shopping List May Not Be Right For Everyone
Q. I work at an eye research institute. Our ex-director (who is also a scientist) has decided that since he's close to retiring he wants to have his 40+ years of data archived. Some will be used for publication and some (he'll be using PowerPoint) will be used for lecture tours, but regardless (all) will need to be archived!
Based on your advice, I plan to purchase the Microtek 9700L scanner to scan text plus the color and black and white anatomy drawings--these are roughly 11x14. Sound good?
For all 35mm color mounted slides, 35mm color negatives (may include some 35mm black and white negatives), I plan to purchase the Microtek ArtixScan 4000tf. But, what do you think about the Minolta DiMAGE Scan Elite 5400 (yes, it has the Digital ICE3 dust and scratch remover). The number of black and white negatives and slides may be small so I could have these done outside. Any thoughts?
I also plan to purchase a new computer: a 1.6GHz Power Mac G5 with a 23" flat panel screen (Apple Cinema HD display). I was thinking of getting GretagMacbeth's Eye-One Pro bundle to calibrate the scanners and printers. What do you think of this system?
As for a printer, I was leaning toward the i9100 Canon, but I'm not sure. I know this printer prints 13x19. Is this the best one for the job? Have I forgotten anything?
Maria Mejia

A. Regarding scanning 35mm, most service bureaus that do quality scanning usually will not scan color negatives. I think that the output of consumer photo service scanning for the amateur market for color negatives may not provide the quality you may require, especially in color accuracy. So you may be better off scanning all the 35mm yourself. In that case, I would recommend the Minolta over the Microtek as I think you will find that if the slides and negatives are not pristinely clean that Digital ICE will be invaluable to produce clean scan results.
I cannot in any way fault your choice of a computer. However, if color accuracy is essential to your work, and I assume it would be, I would suggest not getting an Apple LCD Cinema display. Although I use professional Sony 21" CRT monitors myself, the only model Sony is now selling is the Artisan and at $1795 I think it is overpriced, although it comes with a built-in sensor for calibration and profiling. The alternate I would consider is the NEC/Mitsubishi 22" Diamond Pro CRT monitor. And for monitor calibration and profiling I would suggest the ColorVision Spyder and PhotoCAL software. It does an excellent job at a reasonable cost.
For scanners, particularly for the first year of use and even more if not used everyday, the manufacturer's canned profile that is installed with the driver software is quite adequate to obtain accurate input color quality. And if you are going to get a printer, particularly an Epson, the canned profiles installed by the printer driver software installation are quite adequate as long as you use paper made for and sold by the printer manufacturer. (Some third-party paper suppliers also provide custom profiles for their papers for many Epson
higher-end printers and some others as well.) The Canon i9100 I reviewed some months ago has been replaced with the i9900. I recently tested the i9900 for Shutterbug; it is even more photo realistically accurate in the color it reproduces. (See my review in the October 2004 issue or on our website at:

A System Upgrade May Also Require Driver Upgrades
Q. I have an Acer AcerScan Prisa 620P and recently bought a new computer that has Windows XP and it will not load onto my computer. Do I need different software, or what?
Trish Henry

A. Very often software drivers for scanners and printers have to be replaced with new versions when you upgrade from the older x86 versions of Windows to XP. First you should try to contact Acer on the web and possibly if they have a website with support you can download a new driver. Go to the following link and click on "support":
If Acer does not have an XP driver for your scanner model, there is another option. Go to LaserSoft ( and see if they have a version of SilverFast SE that will run your scanner model.

Is A Medium Format Film Camera Still An Advantage In This Digital Age?
Q. I have been reading your articles in Shutterbug for some time and I believe I even have a book you wrote on lighting quite some time ago. I really enjoy your opinions and comments on photography.
By being careful and perfecting my technique can I get better tonality on large prints in both black and white and color by using a fine-grained film like the new Astia for color and T-Max 100 for black and white? Would it be better to use a high-quality 35mm camera and lens, like a Leica, and dedicated scanner, like the Minolta 5400, or will my Digital Rebel outperform them? Or, as an alternative, would a medium format camera with high-quality lenses, like a Mamiya 7II in 6x7 or a Horseman 6x9 VHR, be substantially better than either of the other two options? And my final question is, do you think I am missing the boat completely and know of a fourth option that would be better than any of the earlier options?
Jerry Hyman

A. I have a Canon EOS Digital Rebel for my personal use and have been quite impressed with its performance. However, it does not capture enough image information to be fully competitive with my Canon EOS cameras using medium speed films, or even all of the old stuff I shot on Kodachrome many years ago. But then you bring up one of my favorite cameras from the past, which I used for many years, the Horseman 6x9 VHR. For landscapes and similar subjects there was nothing better for prints up to 20x30" size. In addition, digitizing 6x9 film images can be easily and affordably done by scanners like the Epson Perfection 4870 Pro. This combination produces really fine digital image files.