Roundup: Memory Cards And Data Transfer Accessories; How Fast Are Those Fast CompactFlash And SD Cards?

As digital SLRs and "prosumer" digicams have become increasingly popular, the need for recording speed has also increased. Anyone who owns a 6- to 10-megapixel camera can really benefit from a very fast memory card. Particularly after shooting a series of images, recording time can be quite short--instead of frustratingly long--so the camera can be ready to shoot another burst in a few seconds. That's why we're seeing more frequent announcements about faster and faster memory cards, especially in the CF (CompactFlash) and SD (Secure Digital) formats.

There's a second benefit to high-speed media: quicker data transfer when downloading to a computer. That aspect is most valuable after shooting numerous photos, particularly large TIFF or raw format files. After you return from shooting a sports event or a long day of travel photography, an ultra-fast card lets you "dump" the image files quickly. Naturally, that also requires a high-speed memory card reader; look for a review of those accessories in a coming issue of Shutterbug.

While researching the issue of fast memory cards, I found that there are high-speed media and lightning-fast media. Typically, it's difficult to determine which falls into which category simply from reading the ads, and sometimes, even from reviewing the specifications. That's why we decided to ask several manufacturers to provide samples of their high-performance products for practical testing. Some companies did not respond, but ATP, Delkin, Kingston, Lexar, Panasonic, and SanDisk sent a variety of cards; these included the very latest, some still top secret at the time of testing. If you're ready to trade up to the latest, greatest products, some of these may certainly be of interest.

How Fast Are They?
Memory cards are becoming incredibly fast, with some of the latest models boasting write (recording) speeds of 80x, 100x, and now, even 133x. These ratings are based on a standard where 1x equals the transfer of a mere 150KB of data per second. Hence, 10x refers to a data transmission rate of 1.5 megabytes per second (MB/s), while 133x denotes that nearly 20MB of data can be moved per second. (Some manufacturers also publish specific MB/s data.) These ratings usually refer to peak (maximum) data transmission rates when a card is used in a camera with exceptionally fast data recording capability.

Note: Not every digicam can take advantage of a high-speed memory card.

Unless a camera includes high-speed recording capability, there's no benefit to using a very fast memory card. Many compact, affordable digicams, for example, cannot take advantage of cards faster than about 10x. However, the current digital SLRs and many of the latest high-resolution prosumer models were designed with an optimized interface. These cameras are suitable candidates for a 40x or faster card. If you're not sure about your own camera's technology, check the Owners Manual or the manufacturer's website for information.

How We Tested
These tests are based upon real-world simulations that you and other photographers would encounter. My practical testing method used a specific camera, computer, and memory card reader. Because CF and SD cards are the most common types used by high-end cameras, I decided to restrict this review to those two formats.

My plan was to determine several aspects of card speed. How quickly could each card record numerous high-resolution JPEGs while used in a camera? Then, how long would it take to transfer a massive amount of data from a card to a computer using a high-speed USB 2.0 memory card reader? And how long would it take to copy the same amount of data from a card to the computer's hard drive? Finally, for comparison purposes, how much faster are the new products vs. "older" cards?

For in-camera testing, I selected a 16-megapixel Canon EOS-1Ds Mark II because it accepts both CF and SD cards. For consistency, I shot a burst of 23 full resolution (Large) JPEGs of exactly the same scene with each of the cards. The compressed images totaled approximately 180MB of data. Using a stopwatch, I was able to determine the exact time taken by the camera to record the JPEGs to each card. The timing started after I had shot the last frame and ended when the camera's "recording" light was extinguished.

For an assessment of data transfer speed to a computer, I selected a group of JPEG and NEF (raw) format images made previously while I was testing the Nikon D50. That's a popular digital SLR with 6-megapixel resolution, about average for cameras of this type. The amount of data totaled 0.95GB for high-capacity cards and 0.475GB for lower capacity cards. First, I transferred the data from a PC to each card using the Delkin All-in-1 USB 2.0 card reader, an "average" performer in the high-speed category. Subsequently, I copied the data from each card to the computer, using the same card reader.

The computer used was a Compaq Pentium 4 2.8GHz laptop with a 4200 RPM hard drive, USB 2.0 ports, 512MB of RAM, and Windows XP Home OS. Again, I consider this PC to be "average" in speed and RAM memory. It was easy to time both of the processes with a stopwatch. The resulting times are provided in the CompactFlash and SD Card Performance charts.